Africa Action’s Campaign to End HIV/AIDS in Africa mobilizes U.S. activists to change the policies of our own government to help end the HIV/AIDS crisis in Africa. According to Africa Action, the HIV/AIDS pandemic is the greatest global threat in the world today. Africa is ground zero of the crisis – home to nearly two-thirds of those living with HIV/AIDS worldwide. Africa’s HIV/AIDS crisis is the direct result of centuries of global injustice. Now, African efforts to defeat HIV/AIDS are hindered by insufficient resources and by U.S. and international policies that restrict access to essential treatment and comprehensive health care.
Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region most impacted by HIV/AIDS with an estimated 70% of people living with HIV but only about 13% of the world’s population.1,10 According to a 2016 Kaiser Family Foundation Fact Sheet, Eastern and Southern Africa is home to more than half (52%) of all people living with HIV, as well as more than half of the children living with HIV (56%). Almost all of the sub-region’s nations have generalized HIV epidemics—that is, their national HIV prevalence is greater than 1%. 10% or more of adults are estimated to be HIV-positive in 8 countries. South Africa has the highest number of people living with HIV in the world (7.0 million). Swaziland has the highest prevalence in the world (28.8%). New HIV infections among adults in Eastern and Southern Africa have declined by 4% since 2010.
The United States has provided funding to address the global HIV epidemic in 1986 and remains the single largest donor to international HIV efforts in the world, including the largest donor to the Global Fund.19